There are times for security reasons when you might want to limit access to a specific file or directory by using a login and password. One reason to do this would be to protect your WordPress installation, by limiting access to the wp-login.php script. Adding the following to your webpage root .htaccess file will require login access to the wp-login script:
<FilesMatch "wp-login.php"> AuthType Basic AuthName "Secure Area" AuthUserFile "/home/example/.htpasswds/webpage/wp-admin/.htpasswd" require valid-user </FilesMatch>
Additionally you can protect all files within a specific directory by putting the .htaccess file in the directory (for example /wp-admin/ directory in the case of WordPress) you want to password protect with the following:
AuthType Basic AuthName "Secure Area" AuthUserFile "/home/example/.htpasswds/webpage/wp-admin/.htpasswd" require valid-user
You just put the above information into a “.htaccess” file and upload to your location of choice. To create the “.htpasswd” file with users and passwords, please use the following online utility: http://www.htaccesstools.com/htpasswd-generator/
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